|Document ID (ISN)||73399|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Milby T.H., Baselt R.C.
||Hydrogen sulfide poisoning: Clarification of some controversial issues
||Feb. 1999, Vol.35, No.2, p.192-195. 34 ref.
||Data on the toxicity of hydrogen sulfide are reviewed. It is concluded that: certain neurotoxic effects of exposure are probably due to a direct toxic effect on the brain, while others are almost certainly a result of hypoxia secondary to H2S-induced respiratory insufficiency; pulmonary oedema is a common consequence of poisoning and there is suggestive evidence of hyperactive airway responses in some individuals following brief H2S-induced unconsciousness (knockdown); criteria for acceptable community levels are very different than those governing occupational standards; urinary thiosulfate determinations can be useful for monitoring occupational exposure; and determination of sulfide ion concentrations in blood or major organs can be useful in corroborating a diagnosis of fatal H2S toxicity, but there are many pit-falls in collecting, storing, and analyzing tissue and fluid samples. Topics: acute poisoning; hydrogen sulfide; determination in blood; determination in urine; exposure tests; hypoxia; limitation of exposure; lung diseases; neurotoxic effects; pulmonary function; pulmonary oedema; thiosulfates; urine monitoring.
||neurotoxic effects; lung diseases; hydrogen sulfide; acute poisoning
||thiosulfates; hypoxia; limitation of exposure; pulmonary function; pulmonary oedema; exposure tests; urine monitoring; determination in urine; determination in blood
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Diseases of the nervous system
Inorganic sulfur compounds
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)