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Document ID (ISN)73303
CIS number 99-1249
ISSN - Serial title 1232-1087 - International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Year 1998
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rydzewski B., Sułkowski W., Miarzyńska M.
Title Olfactory disorders induced by cadmium exposure: A clinical study
Bibliographic information 1998, Vol. 11, No.3, p.235-245. Illus. 10 ref.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate olfactory disorders in workers occupationally exposed to cadmium. In addition to medical history and medical examinations, blood and urine tests were taken and olfactometry performed. The quantitative and qualitative olfactory disorders were evaluated on the basis of the established odour detection threshold and odour identification threshold. The examinations revealed numerous cases of hyposmia and parosmia and one case of anosmia. In the majority of people with olfactory disorders, hypertrophic changes in the nasal mucosa, dependant on the duration of employment, were identified. Statistically significant relationship between olfactory impairment and cadmium concentration in blood, urine and the workplace air was observed. However, such a relationship was not found in regard to the duration of employment. The results of these examinations could be the ground to perform certain preventive and therapeutic procedures. Topics: battery and dry cell manufacture; cadmium; determination in blood; determination in urine; long-term exposure; loss of smell; odour threshold; olfaction; olfactometry; smoking.
Descriptors (primary) loss of smell; cadmium; battery and dry cell manufacture; olfaction
Descriptors (secondary) smoking; odour threshold; determination in urine; olfactometry; determination in blood; long-term exposure
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvincePoland
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of other sense organs (other than the eye and the ears)
Manufacturing of electrical appliances and equipment
Cadmium and compounds
Inorganic substances