ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)72918
CIS number 99-908
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1999
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kanerva L., Lahtinen A., Toikkanen J., Forss H., Estlander T., Susitaival P., Jolanki R.
Title Increase in occupational skin diseases of dental personnel
Bibliographic information Feb. 1999, Vol.40, No.2, p.104-108. 23 ref.
Abstract Records of occupational diseases of dentists and dental nurses over 3 3-year periods were studied to determine the relative risk of developing occupational allergic contact dermatitis. During the 9 observation years (1982-1984, 1986-1988, and 1992-1994) the majority of registered occupational diseases of dentists and dental nurses were skin diseases, followed by occupational repetitive strain injuries and occupational respiratory diseases.The incidence rate (IR) for allergic contact dermatoses/10,000 workers (contact urticaria included) increased from 26 in 1982-1984 to 79 in 1992-1994. The IR/10,000 of allergic contact dermatoses increased especially for dentists, from 5.4 in 1982 to 67 in 1992-1994. The increase for dental nurses was smaller: from 43 in 1982-1984 to 87 in 1992-1994. The most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis were plastics, disinfectants and antimicrobials, rubber chemicals, and mercury/mercury salts. The most common causes of irritant contact dermatitis were detergents, wet and dirty work, plastics chemicals and antimicrobials. Currently, Finnish dentists have the highest risk and dental nurses have the 4th highest risk of any occupation for developing occupational allergic contact dermatitis. Topics: dental assistants; dental services; detergents; eczema; irritants; methacrylates; natural rubber; plastics; rubber chemicals; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin diseases; urticaria.
Descriptors (primary) irritants; sensitization dermatitis; dental services; skin allergies; skin diseases
Descriptors (secondary) detergents; methacrylates; plastics; dental assistants; eczema; urticaria; rubber chemicals; natural rubber
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Health care services
Allergies