|Document ID (ISN)||72538|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
|Convention or series no.
||Morata T.C., Fiorini A.C., Fischer F.M., Colacioppo S., Wallingford K.M., Krieg E.F., Dunn D.E., Gozzoli L., Padrão M.A., Cesar C.L.G.
||Toluene-induced hearing loss among rotogravure printing workers
||Aug. 1997, Vol.23, No.4, p.289-298. Illus. 44 ref.
||99-593.pdf [in English]
||124 workers exposed to various levels of noise and to an organic solvent mixture of toluene, ethyl acetate and ethanol underwent pure-tone audiometry and immittance audiometry testing. 49 percent had hearing loss. Of the numerous variables analyzed, age and hippuric acid (the biological marker for toluene in urine) met the significance level criteria for their contribution to the development of hearing loss. The odds ratio estimates for hearing loss were 1.07 times greater for each increment of one year of age and 1.76 times greater for each gram of hippuric acid per gram of creatinine. The findings suggest that exposure to toluene has a toxic effect on the auditory system. Topics: age-linked differences; audiometric tests; toluene; ethyl acetate; ethanol; cross-sectional study; determination in air; determination in urine; exposure evaluation; hearing loss; length of exposure; noise level; noise; organic solvents; photogravure printing; synergism.
||noise; toluene; photogravure printing; hearing loss; organic solvents
||noise level; ethyl acetate; ethanol; exposure evaluation; cross-sectional study; audiometric tests; age-linked differences; length of exposure; determination in air; determination in urine; synergism
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Brazil; USA|
||Paper-making and printing
|Broad subject area(s)
||Diseases of the ear and hearing damage
Printing, photography and photocopying industry