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Document ID (ISN)68768
CIS number 97-496
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de mÚdecine du travail
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Masset D., Malchaire J., Piette A., Cock N.
Title Cross-sectional study of low back pain and functional capabilities of the trunk
Original title Lombalgies et capacitÚs fonctionnelles du tronc - Etude transversale [in French]
Bibliographic information July 1996, Vol.57, No.4, p.256-263. 29 ref.
Abstract A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the interest of anthropometric measurements and isometric and dynamic performances of the trunk as discriminators between two groups of subjects with (L.B.P.) or without (N.L.B.P.) low back pain. These groups were composed respectively of 78 steelworkers having reported L.B.P. during the last 12 months and 315 without lumbar history. The protocol included an interview with questions about the lumbar symptoms, a clinical examination, anthropometric measurements and a series of functional tests performed with an isoinertial dynamometer. L.B.P. was significantly more frequent among the workers presenting gait abnormalities, impaired cervical mobility and of the static characteristics of the lower limbs in the frontal plane, while the anthropomorphic differences between the two groups concern solely the mesomorphy and ectomorphy indices of the Heath-Carter somatotype method. The functional performances of the trunk of the L.B.P. workers were almost uniformly reduced, but the differences reached significance only for the angular velocities and, to a lesser extent, for the dynamic torques. However, the discrimination analyses point out the poor interest of the isoinertial tests in the individual follow-up of the workers in occupational medicine.
Descriptors (primary) anthropometry; metalworking industry; backache; lumbar column
Descriptors (secondary) back disorders; steelworks; cross-sectional study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceBelgium
Subject(s) Ergonomics and work organization
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Metalworking industry
Anthropometry
Ergonomics