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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)68661
CIS number 97-493
ISSN - Serial title 0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Walford R.L., Bechtel R., MacCallum T., Paglia D.E., Weber L.J.
Title "Biospheric medicine" as viewed from the two-year first closure of Biosphere 2
Bibliographic information July 1996, Vol.67, No.7, p.609-617. 33 ref.
Abstract The medical aspects of biospheres are discussed with reference to the experiences of four men and four women confined for two years inside Biosphere 2, an enclosed ecological space in Arizona, USA. Biospheric medicine as a clinical discipline is discussed in terms of mission objectives, medical resources and capabilities, anticipation of medical issues, facility design, and selection and training of personnel. Psychological and psychosocial issues are also considered. Medical problems encountered in Biosphere 2 included severe weight loss, oxygen deprivation, and psychological and social problems.
Descriptors (primary) biosphere; space travel; occupational medicine
Descriptors (secondary) oxygen deficiency; loss of weight; social aspects; psychological effects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Medicine, hygiene and first aid
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Space travel