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Document ID (ISN)68582
CIS number 97-507
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Xu Z., Morris Brown L., Pan G.W., Liu T.F., Gao G.S., Stone B.J., Cao R.M., Guan D.X., Sheng J.H., Yan Z.S., Dosemeci M., Fraumeni J.F., Blot W.J.
Title Cancer risks among iron and steel workers in Anshan, China, Part II: Case-control studies of lung and stomach cancer
Bibliographic information July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.7-15. 32 ref.
Abstract Nested case-control interview studies of lung cancer, stomach cancer and controls were conducted to follow leads from a proportional mortality analysis of deaths among male workers in a large integrated iron-steel complex in Anshan, China (see CIS 97-506). After adjusting for non-occupational risk factors, the risk of lung cancer was significantly higher for those employed for 15 or more years in smelting and rolling, in the manufacturing of fire-resistant bricks, in general loading and as coke oven workers. The risk of stomach cancer was significantly higher for those employed for 15 or more years in ore sintering and transportation, in the manufacturing of fire-resistant bricks, in general loading, as boiler workers and cooks and as coke oven workers. For both lung and stomach cancers, significant dose-response gradients were observed for exposure to total dust and benzo(a)pyrene. Overall, long-term steel workers with exposure to workplace pollutants had a 40% increased risk of both lung and stomach cancers.
Descriptors (primary) China; lung cancer; iron and steel industry; cancer; carcinogenic effects; gastrointestinal cancer
Descriptors (secondary) aromatic hydrocarbons; silica; asbestos; dust; foundries; coke ovens; questionnaire survey; case-control study; benzo(a)pyrene
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceChina; USA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Gastrointestinal diseases
Iron and steel industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)