ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)68396
CIS number 97-255
ISSN - Serial title 0143-5353 - Occupational Safety and Health
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Quigley D.
Title Herald of Free Enterprise: Report retrospective
Bibliographic information Nov. 1996, Vol.26, No.11, p.38-43. Illus.
Abstract This report reviews the accident in which the British roll-on roll-off (ro-ro) ferry (Herald of Free Enterprise) capsized on 6 March 1987 near Zeebrugge, on the Belgian coast. The direct cause was the inflow of water through the bow door, which had not been shut (contrary to ship's standing orders). Although the ship did not entirely sink, a large number of passengers and crew were trapped inside and died. The report analyzes the reasons why the rescue organization failed. Among other causes: negligence of the captain and officers; passenger overloading; lack of electronic monitoring of the doors; difficulties in having access to lifejackets etc. Comments and recommendations are made relating to the safety, loading and stability of the ship and to life-saving measures in such emergencies.
Descriptors (primary) analysis of accident causes; accident investigation; sea transport; roll-on roll-off ships
Descriptors (secondary) Belgium; United Kingdom; cost of accidents; report on investigation; human factors
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Accident research
Water transportation
Accident investigation