ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)68276
CIS number 97-336
ISSN - Serial title 0007-523X - Bulletin on Narcotics
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hanson M.
Title Overview on drug and alcohol testing in the workplace
Bibliographic information 1993, Vol.45, No.2, p.3-44. 163 ref.
Internet access [in English]
Abstract This literature review examines the nature and extent of alcohol and drug use in the US workplace, as well as related problems, strategies for managing alcohol- and drug-related difficulties, and arguments for and against drug and alcohol testing. To date, the supportive evidence for the usefulness of drug and alcohol testing is inconclusive, although testing programmes are useful in identifying drug users. Their deterrent value is uncertain, however, and they are not efficient tools for linking drug users to assistance programmes. Enterprises considering the introduction of drug and alcohol testing programmes should ask themselves the following questions: (1) Is substance abuse a problem for them? (2) Will testing respond to the problem? (3) Will testing be cost-effective? (4) Are there any ethical and legal issues involved?
Descriptors (primary) drug dependence; drug testing; workplaces; alcoholism
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; USA; ethics; cost-benefit analysis; legal aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Alcohol and drug abuse
Ethical issues
Occupational health services