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Document ID (ISN)68272
CIS number 97-120
ISSN - Serial title 0140-6736 - Lancet
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Martikainen P.T., Valkonen T.
Title Excess mortality of unemployed men and women during a period of rapidly increasing unemployment
Bibliographic information Oct. 1996, Vol.348, No.9032, p.909-912. 15 ref.
Abstract In this prospective investigation, mortality in both men and women during a period of rapidly increasing unemployment in Finland was studied. Baseline socio-demographic data were obtained for the Finnish population aged 25-59 years (2.5 million people) in 1990, whereas the employment status from 1987-92 was extracted from statistics of Finland's labour force data files. Mortality follow-up was established by record linkage to death certificates from 1991 to 1993. Subjects who experienced unemployment between 1987 and 1992 had greater mortality than those in employment after control for age, education, occupational class and marital status. The mortality ratios for men and women unemployed for the first time in 1990, at a time of low national unemployment, were 2.11 and 1.61, respectively. These values were lower (men 1.35, women 1.30) for those who were unemployed for the first time in 1992 when the national unemployment rate was very high. Jobless individuals who were reemployed had higher mortality than those who were continuously employed, but not as high as those who remained unemployed.
Descriptors (primary) Finland; unemployment; sex-linked differences; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) cross-sectional study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Statistics
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Unemployment