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Document ID (ISN)67936
CIS number 96-2180
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Zachariae C.O.C., Agner T., MennÚ T.
Title Chromium allergy in consecutive patients in a country where ferrous sulfate has been added to cement since 1981
Bibliographic information Aug. 1996, Vol.35, No.2, p.83-85. 10 ref.
Abstract Cement eczema used to be a common occupational disease in Denmark. Since 1981, ferrous sulfate has been added to all cement produced in Denmark to reduce the amount of soluble hexavalent chromate to below 2mg/kg (2ppm). The aim of this study was to analyze a sample of consecutive chromate-sensitive patients in an urban tertiary referral centre with respect to primary cause of sensitization, in a geographical area where the risk of chromate exposure from cement had been reduced. In the 6-year period January 1989 to December 1994, a total of 4,511 patients were patch tested with the European standard series, including chromate. Seventy nine patients were diagnosed as chromate sensitive. Relevant chromate exposure was established in 34 of these patients. Leather was the most frequent source of chromate sensitization (47%). Chromate sensitization from cement was considered likely in 10 out of 34 subjects. Of these, seven had been sensitized before 1981, two had been sensitized by non-occupational exposure to cements, and only one had been sensitized from occupational cement exposure in the 6-year period.
Descriptors (primary) sensitization dermatitis; Denmark; chromates; cement dermatitis; cement; ferrous sulfate
Descriptors (secondary) skin allergies; skin tests; eczema
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceDenmark
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Inorganic sulfur compounds
Cement and concrete
Inorganic substances