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Document ID (ISN)67931
CIS number 96-2176
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Fischer T., Bjarnason B.
Title Sensitizing and irritant properties of 3 environmental classes of diesel oil and their indicator dyes
Bibliographic information May 1996, Vol.34, No.5, p.309-315. Illus. 18 ref.
Abstract Three dyes (Solvent Yellow 124 and Solvent Blue 79 or Solvent Blue 98) were added to diesel oils in Sweden for identification of their particular uses in late 1993. Thirty-six men reporting skin disease supposedly caused by dyes had irritant reactions, irritant contact dermatitis or exacerbation of other skin disease. Tests on 15 individuals from this group and 20 healthy volunteers failed to demonstrate contact allergy or contact urticaria to the dyes or dyed diesel oil. Patch tests with dyes in pet. did not cause irritation. Tests of irritant properties of the diesel oils showed that: a) the old type of oil, with high viscosity, high content of aromatic compounds and moderately high sulfur content, caused little irritation, and b) newer, lighter qualities of diesel oil, with low concentrations of aromatic compounds and low sulfur content, which cause less pollution to the environment when burnt, were significantly more irritant to the skin and probably a cause of the skin problems.
Descriptors (primary) diesel oil; irritation; sensitization; skin diseases; dermatitis; dyes
Descriptors (secondary) sensitization dermatitis; case-control study; solvents; skin allergies
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases