|Document ID (ISN)||67679|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0212-1050 - Mapfre seguridad
|Convention or series no.
||Lacosta Berna J.M.
||Evaluation of the toxic hazard in fires: Toxicity tests on volatile combustion products
||Evaluación del riesgo tóxico en los incendios. Ensayos de toxicidad de los productos volátiles de la combustión [in Spanish]|
||1st Quarter 1996, No.61, p.23-37. Illus. 14 ref.
||Survey and study of the problems of exposure to volatile toxic substances released in fires in modern settings. Contents: the chemical nature of polyvinylchloride (PVC) and the mechanism of by-product formation (includes a table comparing substances released during fires involving wood and expanded polystyrene); qualitative description of atmospheres during a fire; classification of fires; relevance of animal experiment data for human exposure to fire by-products; classic inhalation studies and studies of exposure to combustion products; quantitative toxicology studies; concentration, time after exposure and response; models of fires and criteria for their evaluation (studies on actual fires, oxygen content, CO2-CO relationship, temperature and heat flow, validity of toxic hazard evaluation); selection of fire models; methods for the analysis of gases and fumes; prediction of toxic effects (general concepts, single-gas atmospheres, atmospheres with gas mixtures, calculation of Fractional Effective Doses (FEDs)).
||fire hazards; toxicity evaluation; pyrolysis products
||polystyrene; mathematical models; animal experiments; polyvinyl chloride
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Spain|
||Fire and explosions
|Broad subject area(s)
||Fires, explosions and major hazards