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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)67679
CIS number 96-1845
ISSN - Serial title 0212-1050 - Mapfre seguridad
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lacosta Berna J.M.
Title Evaluation of the toxic hazard in fires: Toxicity tests on volatile combustion products
Original title Evaluación del riesgo tóxico en los incendios. Ensayos de toxicidad de los productos volátiles de la combustión [in Spanish]
Bibliographic information 1st Quarter 1996, No.61, p.23-37. Illus. 14 ref.
Abstract Survey and study of the problems of exposure to volatile toxic substances released in fires in modern settings. Contents: the chemical nature of polyvinylchloride (PVC) and the mechanism of by-product formation (includes a table comparing substances released during fires involving wood and expanded polystyrene); qualitative description of atmospheres during a fire; classification of fires; relevance of animal experiment data for human exposure to fire by-products; classic inhalation studies and studies of exposure to combustion products; quantitative toxicology studies; concentration, time after exposure and response; models of fires and criteria for their evaluation (studies on actual fires, oxygen content, CO2-CO relationship, temperature and heat flow, validity of toxic hazard evaluation); selection of fire models; methods for the analysis of gases and fumes; prediction of toxic effects (general concepts, single-gas atmospheres, atmospheres with gas mixtures, calculation of Fractional Effective Doses (FEDs)).
Descriptors (primary) fire hazards; toxicity evaluation; pyrolysis products
Descriptors (secondary) polystyrene; mathematical models; animal experiments; polyvinyl chloride
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSpain
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Fires