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Document ID (ISN)66894
CIS number 96-628
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1995
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Stingeni L., Lapomarda V., Lisi P.
Title Occupational hand dermatitis in hospital environments
Bibliographic information Sep. 1995, Vol.33, No.3, p.172-176. Illus. 12 ref.
Abstract A group of 1,301 employees (658 females and 643 males; mean age 39.3yrs) of a hospital in Perugia, Italy answered a self-administered questionnaire. The subjects with anamnestic hand dermatitis and/or atopic mucosal reactions were clinically examined and submitted to skin tests (patch and/or prick tests). Contact dermatitis of the hands and/or forearms occurred in 21.2% and was significantly more frequent in women, subjects under 31 years of age, workers in internal medicine and surgery, cleaners and nurses. In the majority of cases (94.9%), the lesions were irritant in origin and mainly related to disinfectants (especially, chlorhexidine gluconate and glutaraldehyde) and gloves (latex proteins and starch glove powder, rather than accelerators and additives of rubber). Finally, atopy seemed to favour the onset of hand dermatitis. The importance of these results for preventive measures of contact dermatitis in hospital employees is discussed.
Descriptors (primary) allergens; dermatitis; sensitization; hospitals; hand
Descriptors (secondary) sensitization dermatitis; aetiology; skin allergies; frequency rates; allergy tests; skin tests; diagnosis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Skin diseases