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Document ID (ISN)66887
CIS number 96-806
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rudell B., Sandstr÷m T., Hammarstr÷m U., Ledin M.L., H÷rstedt P., Stjernberg N.
Title Evaluation of an exposure setup for studying effects of diesel exhaust in humans
Bibliographic information 1994, Vol.66, No.2, p.77-83. Illus. 17 ref.
Abstract Diesel exhaust fumes from an idling truck were fed into an exposure chamber through a flexible metallic tube where they were diluted with air. Evaluation of the exposure set-up revealed that predetermined constant pollutant concentrations can be created in the chamber. The exposure of eight healthy non-smokers to diluted exhaust fumes for one hour produced the same acute symptoms as those reported by workers occupationally exposed to exhaust fumes from idling diesel vehicles. All subjects experienced irritation of the mucous tissue of the eyes, nose and throat, dizziness, nausea, cough, unpleasant odour, fatigue and headache. The median concentrations of the major components of diesel exhaust were: nitrogen dioxide 1.6ppm, nitrogen oxide 3.7ppm, carbon monoxide 27ppm, formaldehyde 0.5mg/m3 and particles 4.3 x 106/cm3.
Descriptors (primary) formaldehyde; diesel engines; acute toxicity; exposure chambers; carbon monoxide; nitrogen oxides; nitrogen dioxide
Descriptors (secondary) description of equipment; exposure evaluation; description of technique; short-term exposure; human experiments
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Carbon monoxide
Aldehydes