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Document ID (ISN)66844
CIS number 96-615
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1996
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nielsen J.
Title The occurrence and course of skin symptoms on the hands among female cleaners
Bibliographic information Apr. 1996, Vol.34, No.4, p.284-291. Illus. 20 ref.
Abstract Skin symptoms on the hands were studied in questionnaire-based studies conducted in 1989 and 1991 among female cleaning personnel employed at Danish nursing homes, schools and offices. A total of 1,166 participated in 1989, and 1,011 of them participated in 1991. The average age was 45 years and the average length of seniority was 10 years. One-fifth of the cleaners reported problems with cleaning agents. A total of 81% had wet hands for more than one-quarter of their working hours and 43% reported having at least one out of four skin symptoms during a one-year period. Among them, 70% reported improvement during weekends and holidays. A positive correlation was found between hours per week spent with wet hands and skin symptoms. During the follow up period, the risk of developing skin symptoms was higher among the women who remained cleaners than among those who left their cleaning jobs. Accordingly, the prognosis was better in the group that left their cleaning jobs. Retirement occurred more often among cleaners with skin symptoms than among the others. There is a future need to develop new work organization and cleaning methods to reduce the time spent with wet hands.
Descriptors (primary) irritation; symptoms; skin diseases; hand; dermatitis; cleaning; skin allergies
Descriptors (secondary) humidity; safety engineering; Denmark; eczema; offices; questionnaire survey; safety and health training; hospitals; dermatological effects; allergy tests; skin tests; frequency rates; educational institutions
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceDenmark
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Cleaning work
Allergies