|Document ID (ISN)||66404|
|Convention or series no.
||Gezondheidsraad publication 1995/04WGD
Dutch Expert Committee on Occupational Standards (Werkgroep van Deskundigen ter Vaststelling van MAC-waarden)
||Cadmium and inorganic cadmium compounds: Health based recommended occupational exposure limit
||Gezondheidsraad, Postbus 90517, 2509 LM Den Haag, Netherlands, 1995. 92p. 98 ref.
||In this report the Dutch Committee on Occupational Standards discusses the consequences of occupational exposure to cadmium (Cd) and its inorganic compounds. This assessment is an update of the criteria document published by the committee in 1980 (RA 5/80). Attention is given to: present guidelines and standards; chemical and physical characteristics; environmental and biological monitoring; toxicodynamics (including: non-tumorigenic effects on the respiratory tract, lung cancer risks, effects on the kidneys, and miscellaneous effects); previous evaluations by national and international bodies; evaluation of human health risk; recommendations for research. Based on the data available the committee recommends a health-based occupational exposure limit for cadmium and its inorganic compounds of 5µg/m3 (as Cd) as an eight-hour TWA. Epidemiological data show that below this level no increased lung tumour incidence is to be expected. For biological monitoring purposes, the committee recommends to use a concentration of 4µg Cd/g creatinine in urine as an upper limit. Summary in Dutch.
||threshold limit values; cadmium oxide; Netherlands; cadmium; biological effects; cadmium chloride; determination of exposure limits
||literature survey; criteria document; toxicity evaluation; report
||E - Books, reports, proceedings
|Country / State or Province||Netherlands|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational exposure limits
Halogens and their inorganic compounds
Cadmium and compounds