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Document ID (ISN)66218
CIS number 96-203
ISSN - Serial title 1047-322X - Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 1995
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Sanderson W.T., Weber A., Echt A.
Title Case reports: Epidemic eye and upper respiratory irritation in poultry processing plants
Bibliographic information Jan. 1995, Vol.10, No.1, p.43-49. Illus. 23 ref.
Abstract Case studies conducted at 6 US poultry processing plants revealed that processors and inspectors experienced acute eye and upper respiratory irritation associated with their work. More than 90% of the workers reported having symptoms in the hanging, evisceration, and inspection areas at one plant. These outbreaks were all associated with problems or changes in the plants' water chlorination and super-chlorination processes. The inception of complaints at three of the plants was closely associated with the switch to chloramination as a method of disinfection by the local water companies. Chloramination has been reported to produce and release the gas trichloramine, a mucous membrane irritant. Chlorine levels were also measured in water and at times were found to range well above the 20ppm concentration required by the US Department of Agriculture for sanitizing the evisceration machines. Methods used by the companies to control or eliminate the complaints are described.
Descriptors (primary) inflammatory diseases of the eye; disinfection of equipment; poultry farming; chlorination; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) nitrogen trichloride; chlorine; ammonia; case study; water supply
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Food, beverage and tobacco industries
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Livestock rearing
Diseases of the eye and vision damage