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Document ID (ISN)66181
CIS number 96-363
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1995
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nicas M.
Title Respiratory protection and the risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection
Bibliographic information Mar. 1995, Vol.27, No.3, p.317-333. 38 ref.
Abstract Several types of respirator were compared with respect to efficacy against penetration of infectious droplet nuclei capable of carrying Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli. Powered air-purifying respirators (PAPRs) with elastomeric halfmask facepieces and high efficiency (HEPA) filters provided substantially better protection than did surgical masks and disposable dust/mist particulate respirators. This greater protection is related to the PAPR's relatively high filtration efficiency and the low degree of facial leakage. When droplet nuclei source control is inadequate, healthcare workers may need to wear highly protective respirators for protection against tuberculosis infection.
Descriptors (primary) tuberculosis; microorganisms; health care personnel; respirators; infection control
Descriptors (secondary) air purifying respirators; filtration efficiency; evaluation of equipment; mathematical models; particulate removing respirators; leakage; hazard evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Health care services
Respiratory protection