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Document ID (ISN)65447
CIS number 95-1681
ISSN - Serial title 0959-8146 - British Medical Journal
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Morris J.K., Cook D.G., Shaper A.G.
Title Loss of employment and mortality
Bibliographic information Apr. 1994, Vol.308, No.6937, p.1135-1139. 30 ref.
Abstract A prospective cohort study was conducted to assess the effect of unemployment and early retirement on mortality. The subjects were 6191 British men aged 40-59. The results showed that men who experienced unemployment in the five years after initial screening were twice as likely to die during the following five and a half years as men who remained continuously employed (relative risk (RR) 2.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.71-2.65). After adjustment for socioeconomic variables, health-related behaviour, and health indicators that had been assessed at initial screening the relative risk was slightly reduced, to 1.95 (CI 1.57-2.43). Even men who retired early for reasons other than illness and who appeared to be relatively advantaged and healthy had a significantly increased risk of mortality compared to men who remained continuously employed (RR 1.87, CI 1.35-2.60). The increased risk of mortality from cancer was similar to that of mortality from cardiovascular disease.
Descriptors (primary) mortality; unemployment; retired workers; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) United Kingdom; cardiovascular disorders; heart diseases; social aspects; case-control study; cardiovascular diseases; cancer
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Unemployment