|Document ID (ISN)||65447|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0959-8146 - British Medical Journal
|Convention or series no.
||Morris J.K., Cook D.G., Shaper A.G.
||Loss of employment and mortality
||Apr. 1994, Vol.308, No.6937, p.1135-1139. 30 ref.
||A prospective cohort study was conducted to assess the effect of unemployment and early retirement on mortality. The subjects were 6191 British men aged 40-59. The results showed that men who experienced unemployment in the five years after initial screening were twice as likely to die during the following five and a half years as men who remained continuously employed (relative risk (RR) 2.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.71-2.65). After adjustment for socioeconomic variables, health-related behaviour, and health indicators that had been assessed at initial screening the relative risk was slightly reduced, to 1.95 (CI 1.57-2.43). Even men who retired early for reasons other than illness and who appeared to be relatively advantaged and healthy had a significantly increased risk of mortality compared to men who remained continuously employed (RR 1.87, CI 1.35-2.60). The increased risk of mortality from cancer was similar to that of mortality from cardiovascular disease.
||mortality; unemployment; retired workers; risk factors
||United Kingdom; cardiovascular disorders; heart diseases; social aspects; case-control study; cardiovascular diseases; cancer
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||United Kingdom|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology