ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)65443
CIS number 95-1890
ISSN - Serial title 0002-9262 - American Journal of Epidemiology
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Fraser V., Spitznagel E., Medoff G., Dunagan W.C.
Title Results of a rubella screening program for hospital employees - A five-year review (1986-1990)
Bibliographic information Nov. 1993, Vol.138, No.9, p.756-764. Illus. 21 ref.
Abstract A US hospital employee health service rubella screening programme was evaluated over a five-year period from 1986-1990. A total of 6,115 new employees were screened for evidence of rubella immunity. Rubella serology was performed on 5,893 (96.4%) of the screened employees, while 222 (3.6%) had documentation of prior rubella vaccination or rubella infection. The absence of immunity was identified in 325 employees or 5.3% of all those screened. Logistical regression analysis demonstrated that five-year birth cohorts correlated significantly with serological status. Employees born in 1960-1964 were least likely to be seronegative, and employees born in 1970 or later were most likely to be seronegative. This study demonstrates a lower seronegativity rate than did previous studies. It identifies groups of employees likely to escape rubella screening and low vaccination rates. The increasing seronegativity among those born after 1964 correlates with increasing rates of rubella in the US.
Descriptors (primary) health programmes; exposure tests; immunity; rubella
Descriptors (secondary) race-linked differences; USA; serological reactions; sex-linked differences; vaccination; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)
Biological monitoring
Workplace health promotion
Bacterial and parasitic diseases