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Document ID (ISN)65393
CIS number 95-1712
Year 1994
Convention or series no. Final Report 01HK659/6
Author(s) Stalder K.
Title Evaluation of the health risks to compost workers due to emission of microbes and development of protective measures
Original title Abschätzung von Gesundheitsrisiken für Müllwerker durch Keimemissionen und Entwicklung von Arbeitsschutzmassnahmen [in German]
Bibliographic information Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Technologie, 53170 Bonn, Germany, Apr. 1994. 55p. Illus. 68 ref.
Abstract The total and suspended particulate matter of 4 different composting plants was analyzed to determine the presence of pathogenic microorganisms. Total values of pathogens ranged between 100 and 100,000cfu/m3. Viruses were detected in 49 of 165 samples. In all composting plants mesophilic and thermophilic actinomycetes were found in numbers above 100,000cfu/m3. Moulds mostly amounted to more than 10,000cfu/m3 with peaks of 1,000,000cfu/m3. Tests of sensitization to actinomycetes and moulds in 30 workers from the composting plants showed significantly higher antibody titres against actinomycetes than in a control group. There were no signs of illness in the workers. Health protection of workers can be achieved through blood monitoring for antibodies, enclosing conveyor belts, exhaust ventilation, confining the use of work clothing to the composting plant and prohibition of any food intake in the workplace. Summary in English.
Descriptors (primary) refuse; moulds; pathogenic bacteria; exposure evaluation; fungi; infectious diseases; garbage composting; viruses
Descriptors (secondary) Aspergillus moulds
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Other industries and occupations
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Waste collection and disposal
Exposure evaluation