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Document ID (ISN)65138
CIS number 95-1767
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Carta P., Cocco P., Picchiri G.
Title Lung cancer mortality and airways obstruction among metal miners exposed to silica and low levels of radon daughters
Bibliographic information Apr. 1994, Vol.25, No.4, p.489-506. 92 ref.
Abstract A study of miners in two Sardinian metal mines showed an increased mortality for nonmalignant chronic respiratory diseases in both mines. Among underground miners from mine A (low silica and high radon levels), there was a slight excess of lung cancer mortality which increased with duration of underground employment; highest lung cancer mortality was observed in underground miners with an obstructive ventilatory impairment. Deaths from lung cancer in mine B (higher silica and lower radon levels) were less than expected. Results suggest a slight association between lung cancer mortality and exposure to radon daughters. Impaired pulmonary function may be an independent predictor of lung cancer and an important risk factor.
Descriptors (primary) obstructive ventilatory impairment; radon daughters; metal mining; mortality; lung cancer; silica
Descriptors (secondary) radon; respiratory diseases; cohort study; silicosis; respirable dust
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying
Inorganic substances
Radon