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Document ID (ISN)64858
CIS number 95-1421
ISSN - Serial title Betichut
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Meisner Y.
Title Pest control in agriculture - Occupational safety and health aspects
Original title Betichut vegihut taasukatit behadbarat mezikim bechaklaut [in Hebrew]
Bibliographic information Feb. 1994, No.228, p.5-7. Illus.
Abstract The use of synthetic pesticides in agriculture, and in particular in glasshouses and in aerial spraying, constitutes a major occupational hazard. Solutions such as the wearing of full respiratory, head and body protective equipment could be very effective, but are rather impractical because of the relatively high cost and the reluctance of workers to use such equipment, particularly in warm, humid climates. A new approach based on the use of alternative, less-hazardous pesticides was studied. The neem tree provides a number of active natural pesticides. One of these is azadirachtin, a terpenoid which disrupts the metamorphosis of insect larvae, inhibits molting, and thus eliminates insects by stopping their growth. It also acts as a repellent which protects plants by keeping insects away. Toxicity tests show a negligible effect on humans, warm-blooded animals, bees and most other species useful to people; the substance is non-mutagenic, with no adverse immune response, and is non-irritant to skin or eyes. Tests in Israeli glasshouses have shown its efficiency in the protection of plants of many types.
Descriptors (primary) natural products and substances; pesticides; azadirachtin; substitution; agriculture; crop protection
Descriptors (secondary) agricultural chemicals; trees; plant products
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceIsrael
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons