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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)64732
CIS number 95-1389
ISSN - Serial title 0002-8894 - American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Schaper M.M., Thompson R.D., Detwiler-Okabayashi K.A.
Title Respiratory responses of mice exposed to thermal decomposition products from polymers heated at and above workplace processing temperatures
Bibliographic information Oct. 1994, Vol.55, No.10, p.924-934. Illus. 45 ref.
Abstract Mice were exposed to thermal decomposition products released from acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), polypropylene-polyethylene copolymer, polypropylene homopolymer or plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC). These resins were heated in a temperature-programmable furnace, at and above workplace processing temperatures. Lethality (LC50) and respiratory effects (RD50) values were obtained on the basis of resin mass loaded in the furnace. LT50 values were determined at the respective LC50 masses. RD50 values were also obtained on the basis of particulate concentrations measured during heating of each resin. PVC and polypropylene homopolymer were more toxic and faster-acting than wood, while ABS and polypropylene-polyethylene copolymer were much more toxic and faster-acting than wood.
Descriptors (primary) polymers; pyrolysis products; plastics
Descriptors (secondary) ABS; animal experiments; polyvinyl chloride
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Fires