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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)64584
CIS number 95-1054
Year 1994
Convention or series no. OCDE/GD(94)97 OECD Environment Monograph Series No.104
Title Risk reduction monograph No.5: Cadmium - Background and national experience with reducing risk
Bibliographic information Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Directorate, Environmental Health and Safety Division, 2 rue AndrÚ-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, 1994. 195p. Illus. 120 ref. Gratis.
Abstract World production of cadmium in 1993, excluding economies in transition, was about 15,000 tonnes. It is an unavoidable by-product of zinc production. Most (60%) is used in rechargeable dry cells, followed by paints, pigments and alloys. Its primary chronic effect is kidney damage, although it is classified as a probable human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Of the 25 OECD countries surveyed, 13 have workplace exposure limits. Measures to reduce or ban the use of cadmium in products vary greatly among the countries.
Descriptors (primary) OECD; limitation of exposure; cadmium; health hazards; pollution control
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; substitution; uses; environmental pollution; battery and dry cell manufacture; neighbourhood protection
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceOECD
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Pollution control
Cadmium and compounds
Inorganic substances