|Document ID (ISN)||64584|
|Convention or series no.
OECD Environment Monograph Series No.104
||Risk reduction monograph No.5: Cadmium - Background and national experience with reducing risk
||Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Directorate, Environmental Health and Safety Division, 2 rue AndrÚ-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, 1994. 195p. Illus. 120 ref. Gratis.
||World production of cadmium in 1993, excluding economies in transition, was about 15,000 tonnes. It is an unavoidable by-product of zinc production. Most (60%) is used in rechargeable dry cells, followed by paints, pigments and alloys. Its primary chronic effect is kidney damage, although it is classified as a probable human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Of the 25 OECD countries surveyed, 13 have workplace exposure limits. Measures to reduce or ban the use of cadmium in products vary greatly among the countries.
||OECD; limitation of exposure; cadmium; health hazards; pollution control
||literature survey; substitution; uses; environmental pollution; battery and dry cell manufacture; neighbourhood protection
||E - Books, reports, proceedings
|Country / State or Province||OECD|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Cadmium and compounds