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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)64581
CIS number 95-1051
Year 1994
Convention or series no. OCDE/GD(94)95 OECD Environment Monograph Series No.101
Title Risk reduction monograph No.2: Methylene chloride - Background and national experience with reducing risk
Bibliographic information Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Directorate, Environmental Health and Safety Division, 2 rue AndrÚ-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, 1994. 123p. Illus. 124 ref. Gratis.
Abstract World production of methylene chloride (dichloromethane) in 1991 was estimated to be 437,000 tonnes. Its use in Western Europe is decreasing. It is used as a: component of paint and varnish strippers and of adhesives; solvent in aerosol formulations; extractant, degreasing and process solvent in several industries; blowing agent in polyurethane foam production. It does not accumulate in the environment. The main route of human exposure is inhalation, sometimes accompanied by skin and eye contact. It is a central nervous system depressant. It is carcinogenic in the mouse, but not in other species tested. Only some of the 15 countries surveyed have taken measures to regulate its use. It can be replaced by other products in some processes. Summary in French.
Descriptors (primary) OECD; dichloromethane; health hazards; pollution control; limitation of exposure
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; substitution; uses; environmental pollution; neighbourhood protection
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceOECD
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Halogenated hydrocarbons
Pollution control