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Document ID (ISN)64569
CIS number 95-982
ISSN - Serial title 0025-7818 - Medicina del lavoro
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Sulotto F., Romano C., Insana A., Carrubba Cacciola M., Cerutti A.
Title Normal blood carboxyhaemoglobin and methaemoglobin levels in a sample of military conscripts
Original title Valori normali di carbossiemoglobinemia e di metaemoglobinemia in un campione di militari di leva [in Italian]
Bibliographic information July-Aug. 1994, Vol.85, No.4, p.289-298. Illus. 21 ref.
Abstract Carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb) and methaemoglobin (MetaHb) values in blood were measured in a population of 296 asymptomatic military conscripts who were not under medical treatment and had no occupational exposure. The mean COHb value was 3.25 (SD=1.45%) in smokers and 1.34 (SD=0.8) in non-smokers, with a wide variability in both subgroups, particularly among smokers. The COHb levels in moderate smokers were lower than in heavy smokers, but smoking just before the blood test greatly increased the COHb levels. Non-smoking country dwellers had lower COHb levels than non-smoking city dwellers, but the COHb levels of smokers were independent of residence and were only smoking-related. The sample MetaHb level was 0.81 (SD=0.37) and was influenced by country living and smoking. Levels were lowest in non-smoking country dwellers (0.66, SD=0.38%) and increased with moderate smoking (0.71, SD=0.40%). Heavy smoker levels were independent of residence. Smoking just before the blood test had no effect on the value.
Descriptors (primary) carbon monoxide; carboxyhaemoglobin; methaemoglobinaemia; normal values; determination in blood; smoking
Descriptors (secondary) Italy
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Blood diseases
Carbon monoxide
Inorganic substances
Smoking