ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)64559
CIS number 95-1155
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) LeClerc A., Zins M., Bugel I., Chastang J.F., David S., Morcet J.F., Goldberg M.
Title Alcohol consumption and occupational status in the French national electric and natural gas utility company
Original title Consommation de boissons alcoolisées et situation professionnelle dans la Cohorte G.A.Z.E.L. (EDF-GDF) [in French]
Bibliographic information 1994, Vol.55, No.7, p.509-517. 26 ref.
Abstract Alcohol consumption was studied according to socio-demographic and occupational variables. Changes in consumption in one year were studied according to changes in working conditions within the same period. The predictive role of alcohol consumption on promotion possibilities in the firm in a period of three years was also studied. The study was based on a sample of 15,011 men and 5,614 women who volunteered to be included in a cohort and completed a self-administered questionnaire in 1989 (Cohort 'GAZEL', from the French company responsible for the production and supply of electricity and natural gas, EDF-GDF). Some of the findings were expected, such as the relationship between the amount of alcohol consumed and the severity of health problems. With regard to men at the same socio-economic level, significant associations were found between 'being a heavy drinker' and several factors at work: working outdoors, frequent travelling, physical labour. Based on subjects having replied to the 1990 questionnaire, some changes observed in alcohol consumption over the period of one year were shown to be associated with the appearance or the disappearance of certain factors.
Descriptors (primary) France; risk factors; occupation disease relation; alcoholism
Descriptors (secondary) outdoor work; physical workload; social aspects; women; itinerant workers; economic aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Alcohol and drug abuse