|Document ID (ISN)||63677|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
|Convention or series no.
||Wesseling C., Castillo L., Elinder C.G.
||Pesticide poisonings in Costa Rica
||Aug. 1993, Vol.19, No.4, p.227-235. Illus. 24 ref.
||A descriptive epidemiologic study conducted in Costa Rica investigated the incidence of pesticide poisoning with special attention to agricultural workers and occupational exposure. Information from 3 national registers (occupational accident and disease reports, hospitalizations and deaths) were used. During 1986, 1800 occupational accidents caused by pesticides were reported; between 1980 and 1986, 3330 persons were hospitalized and 429 died. Cholinesterase inhibitors caused 71% of the reported occupational accidents, 63% of the hospitalizations and 36% of the deaths. Paraquat caused 21% of the occupational accidents, 24% of the hospitalizations and 60% of the deaths. Hospitalizations and deaths were 13 and 11 times more frequent, respectively, among agricultural workers than among the rest of the population. High-risk groups for occupational poisonings included agricultural workers aged 15-29 years, female workers and banana plantation workers. The yearly incidence of symptomatic occupational pesticide poisonings among agricultural workers was estimated at 4.5%.
||poisoning; Costa Rica; toxicology; pesticides; paraquat
||herbicides; organophosphorus compounds; cholinesterase; carbamates; nematocides; statistical aspects; fungicides; agricultural operations; epidemiologic study; fatalities; developing countries; symptoms
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Costa Rica; Sweden|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)