|Document ID (ISN)||63240|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0273-2300 - Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
|Convention or series no.
||Schmidt-Bleek F., Marchal M.M.
||Comparing regulatory regimes for pesticide control in 22 countries - Toward a new generation of pesticide regulation
||June 1993, Vol.17, No.3, p.262-281. Illus. 12 ref.
||Some historical developments of chemical control legislation are traced, from specialized laws, such as pesticide acts, to the 1970/1980 generation of generalized legal instruments involving all commercial chemicals. It is then argued that a "cradle-to-grave" assessment will henceforth be necessary. The international implications of the worldwide trade in pesticides are considered. As the use of pesticides has invariably transfrontier effects and since unilateral import restrictions due to environmental quality requirements constitute non-tariff barriers to trade, a high degree of international harmonization is desirable. The results of a comprehensive review in 1990/1991 of the regulatory pesticide management regime in 22 countries are presented, comprising countries from Central and Eastern Europe as well as the industrialized Western countries. Taking all observations into consideration, an advanced prototype legislative framework for pesticide management is proposed.
||Europe; legal aspects; industrialized countries; pesticides; environmental pollution; Eastern Europe
||economic aspects; comparative study; comment on law; history
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Germany; France|
|Broad subject area(s)