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Document ID (ISN)63238
CIS number 94-2113
ISSN - Serial title 0022-1899 - Journal of Infectious Diseases
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Adler S.P., Manganello A.M.A., Koch W.C., Hempfling S.H., Best A.M.
Title Risk of human parvovirus B19 infections among school and hospital employees during endemic periods
Bibliographic information Aug. 1993, Vol.168, No.2, p.361-368. Illus. 27 ref.
Abstract Risk factors for human parvovirus B19 infections for hospital and school employees were identified during an endemic period. By serological testing, 2,730 employees of 135 schools in three school systems and 751 employees of a hospital were monitored. Of these, 60% were initially seropositive. After adjusting for age, race, and gender, risk factors for seropositivity were contact with children aged five to 18 years at home (odds ratio [OR]=1.2), at work (OR=1.2), and employment in elementary schools in school system 2 (OR=1.4). Over 42 months, one of 198 susceptible hospital employees seroconverted compared to 62 of 927 school employees. Four factors associated with seroconversion were employment at elementary schools in system 2, contact with children aged five to 11 years at home or with children aged five to 18 years at work, and aged under 30 years. Those in daily contact with school-age children had a five-fold increased occupational risk for B19 infection.
Descriptors (primary) viruses; infectious diseases; virus diseases; risk factors; educational institutions; hospitals; hazard evaluation
Descriptors (secondary) race-linked differences; serological reactions; sex-linked differences; children
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Viral diseases (other than aids)
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Health care services
Teaching and educational institutions
Risk evaluation