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Document ID (ISN)62718
CIS number 94-1332
ISBN(s) 0-948237-20-1
Year 1994
Convention or series no. BOHS Technical Handbook Series No.1: Supplement A
Author(s) Dewell P.
British Occupational Hygiene Society (BOHS)
Title Concentrations of cadmium in air and urine in an alkaline battery works - A case study
Bibliographic information H and H Scientific Consultants Ltd., P.O. Box MT27, Leeds LS17 8QP, United Kingdom, 1994. vi, 35p. 40 ref. Price: GBP 11.00 surface mail (GBP 15.00 airmail).
Abstract Historical data on concentrations of cadmium in air and of cadmium in urine and blood and β2-microglobulin in urine are examined for exposed workers in an alkaline battery factory. Using simple statistical methods, annual data sets have been analyzed by department, job or other classification. Summary results show a steady annual reduction of cadmium in air with a sudden decrease during the two years covered by a major change in the production method; no such sudden decrease was noted for cadmium in urine. Results indicate that the current maximum exposure limit of 50µg/m3 for airborne cadmium hydroxide is sufficiently low to keep cadmium in urine concentrations below the presently used medical guidance level.
Descriptors (primary) cadmium hydroxide; United Kingdom; cadmium; determination in air; exposure tests; battery and dry cell manufacture
Descriptors (secondary) limitation of exposure; long-term study; determination in urine; determination in blood; statistical evaluation
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Manufacturing of electrical appliances and equipment
Cadmium and compounds
Inorganic substances