ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)62565
CIS number 94-1411
ISSN - Serial title 0003-0805 - American Review of Respiratory Disease
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Thompson P.J., Cousins D.V., Gow B.L., Collins D.M., Williamson B.H., Dagnia H.T.
Title Seals, seal trainers, and mycobacterial infection
Bibliographic information Jan. 1993, Vol.147, No.1, p.164-167. Illus. 18 ref.
Abstract In 1986, three seals died in an Australian marine park; postmortem tissue culture suggested infection with Mycobacterium bovis. In 1988, a seal trainer employed at the park until 1985 developed pulmonary tuberculosis caused by M. bovis while working in a zoo 3,000km away. Culture characteristics, biochemical behaviour, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and restriction endonuclease analysis suggested that the strains of M. bovis infecting the seals and trainer were identical but unique and differed from reference strains and local cattle strains of M. bovis. The infection in both the seals and trainer had a destructive but indolent course. This is the first time that M. bovis has been observed in seals and the first time that tuberculosis infection has been documented to be transmitted from seals to humans. Those working with seals and other marine animals should be monitored for infection.
Descriptors (primary) mammals; pathogenic bacteria; animals; pulmonary tuberculosis; zoonoses; infectious diseases; mycoses; tuberculosis of animal origin
Descriptors (secondary) Australia; zoological gardens; case study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia; New Zealand
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Animal hazards
Bacterial and parasitic diseases