ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)62552
CIS number 94-1195
ISSN - Serial title 0022-4375 - Journal of Safety Research
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) DeJoy D.M.
Title Managing safety in the workplace - An attribution theory analysis and model
Bibliographic information Spring 1994, Vol.25, No.1, p.3-17. Illus. 80 ref.
Abstract Actions to manage workplace safety are based less often on objective knowledge of cause-effect relationships than on attributions, that is, on what individuals believe or infer to be the relevant relationships. These attributions may be complicated or biased by social or organizational factors. Although hundreds of papers on attributional processes have been published in the last 20 years, few have dealt with the workplace. The proposed model shows where attribution of causes fits into the safety management process. Whereas in the past the search for causes has been associated with the assignment of blame or responsibility, awareness of the role of attribution should lead managers to modify their safety programmes so as to improve communication between workers and supervisors, eliminate adversarial relationships between them, increase the objectivity of accident reporting and investigation and make the results widely available.
Descriptors (primary) analysis of accident causes; role of management; safety programmes; psychology of accident prevention
Descriptors (secondary) attitude towards accidents; safety service records; accident investigation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Broad subject area(s) General safety, health and conditions of work
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors
Safety programmes
Accident research