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Document ID (ISN)62317
CIS number 94-882
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Zahm S.H., Blair A.
Title Cancer among migrant and seasonal farmworkers: An epidemiologic review and research agenda
Bibliographic information Dec. 1993, Vol.24, No.6, p.753-766. 53 ref.
Abstract There are an estimated three million hired migrant and seasonal farmworkers in the United States. They may be exposed to mutagenic and potentially carcinogenic pesticides during agricultural operations. Field conditions that provide little opportunity to wash skin or clothing to minimize pesticide absorption may intensify exposure. Little is known, however, about the occurrence of cancer in migrant or seasonal farmworkers. Most cancer epidemiologic research on agricultural populations has focussed on farm owner/operators. The few studies that have evaluated cancer in farmworkers suggest that they may be experiencing excesses of multiple myeloma and cancers of the stomach, prostate, and testis. A few studies suggest that the farmworkers may differ from farmers by experiencing excesses of cancer of the buccal cavity and pharynx, lung, and liver. Cervical cancer was elevated in female farmworkers in one study. It is concluded that descriptive data and aetiologic research on cancer among farmworkers and family members are urgently needed.
Descriptors (primary) occupational diseases; pesticides; agriculture; chemical hazards; migrant workers; cancer
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; USA; research; epidemiologic study; women; occupational health survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Agriculture
Agricultural chemicals