|Document ID (ISN)||62258|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Brouwer R., van Maarleveld K., Ravensberg L., Meuling W., de Kort W., van Hemmen J.J.
||Skin contamination, airborne concentrations, and urinary metabolite excretion of propoxur during harvesting of flowers in greenhouses
||Nov. 1993, Vol.24, No.5, p.593-603. Illus. 29 ref.
||In eight greenhouses used for carnation culture, workers engaged in harvesting (n=16) were monitored for dermal and respiratory exposure and urinary excretion of propoxur. Total estimated dermal and respiratory exposure during harvesting ranged from 0.2 to 46mg and from 3 to 278µg, respectively. To study the relationship between external and internal exposure to propoxur, respiratory and dermal exposure levels were compared with the total amount of 2-isopropoxyphenol (IPP), the major metabolite of propoxur, excreted in urine in 24hrs. The Pearson correlation coefficient between dermal exposure and the total amount of excreted IPP was 0.95. A correlation coefficient of 0.84 was found between respiratory exposure and the amount of IPP excreted. The latter association was probably caused by the covariation of respiratory and dermal exposure levels (r=0.85). Calculations indicated that dermal exposure could account for >80% of the amount of excreted IPP. On the basis of the amount of IPP excreted, there was no reason to suspect increased health risks for workers from exposure to propoxur during harvesting.
||arprocarb; pesticides; harvesting; determination in urine; flower and perfume-plant growing; exposure tests; dermatological effects
||sampling and analysis; agricultural operations
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Netherlands|
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
|Broad subject area(s)