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Document ID (ISN)61862
CIS number 94-655
Year 1990
Convention or series no.
Author(s)
Instituto Nacional de Salud Ocupacional
Title Research into pesticide poisoning among agricultural labourers
Original title Investigación sobre intoxicación de trabajadores agrícolas por plaguicidas [in Spanish]
Bibliographic information Ministerio de Previsión Social y Salud Pública, La Paz, Bolivia, 1990. 160p. Illus. 39 ref.
Abstract In-depth study of the problem of pesticide poisoning in a developing country like Bolivia. After a survey of demographic, political, economic and health conditions in the country, the book describes the parameters of the study (extent of pesticide use in Bolivia, conditions of their use, epidemiology of poisoning, training and information of workers, methods for evaluating changes in cholinesterase activity and cellular damage in exposed workers, sample selection). Main problems encountered: low level of education and training among agricultural labourers; little use of protective equipment; unsafe storage and preparation practices; exposure of minors to pesticides; high risk of intoxication, as shown by lowered cholinesterase activity and incidence of cellular damage. Recommendations are made for an improvement of the situation. In annex: list of the principal pesticides used in Bolivia (with LD50 and type noted); result of water quality assessments in various localities; list of prohibited pesticides in Bolivia; results of cytogenetic tests on the sample population.
Descriptors (primary) poisoning; Bolivia; pesticides; developing countries; agricultural operations; exposure evaluation; toxic substances
Descriptors (secondary) cholinesterase monitoring; cytotoxic effects; personal protective equipment; survey
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceBolivia
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) OSH in developing countries
Agricultural chemicals
Exposure evaluation