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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)61729
CIS number 94-321
ISSN - Serial title 0007-1072 - British Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hustinx W.N.M., van de Laar R.T.H., van Huffelen A.C., Verwey J.C., Meulenbelt J., Savelkoul T.J.F.
Title Systemic effects of inhalational methyl bromide poisoning: A study of nine cases occupationally exposed due to inadvertent spread during fumigation
Bibliographic information Feb. 1993, Vol.50, No.2, p.155-159. 21 ref.
Abstract Systemic methyl bromide (CH3Br) poisoning with signs and symptoms of varying severity developed in nine greenhouse workers after acute inhalational exposure on two consecutive dates (one exposure episode might have been to >200ppm = 800mg/m3 CH3Br). Two of the victims needed intensive care for several weeks because of severe reactive myoclonus and generalized convulsions, which remained unresponsive to drug treatment and could only be suppressed effectively by induction of thiopental coma continued for three weeks. Prior subchronic exposure to CH3Br is likely to have been a factor in the development of severe symptoms. A factor contributing to the rapid spreading of CH3Br through the greenhouse was the fact that the drainage system was empty and out-of-use.
Descriptors (primary) fumigation; acute poisoning; horticulture; pesticides; methyl bromide
Descriptors (secondary) Netherlands; case study; long-term exposure; drainage; symptoms
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Halogenated hydrocarbons