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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)61658
CIS number 94-317
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kauppinen T., Kogevinas M., Johnson E., Becher H., Bertazzi P.A., De Mesquita H.B.B., Coggon D., Green L., Littorin M., Lynge E., Mathews J., Neuberger M., Osman J., Pannett B., Pearce N., Winkelmann R., Saracci R.
Title Chemical exposure in manufacture of phenoxy herbicides and chlorophenols and in spraying of phenoxy herbicides
Bibliographic information June 1993, Vol.23, No.6, p.903-920. 15 ref.
Abstract Exposure patterns are reported for manufacturing and sprayer cohorts incorporated in the "IARC International Register of Workers exposed to Phenoxy Herbicides and Contaminants". Information was based on company questionnaires, company reports, plant visits, and serum 2,3,7,8-TCDD measurements. In addition to phenoxy herbicides and chlorophenols, workers in manufacturing plants may have been exposed to raw materials, process chemicals, other agents synthesized or formulated, and impurities of all these agents. Sprayers also had a complex exposure pattern, including phenoxy herbicides and some other pesticides, their carriers and additives, and residues of chemicals formed during manufacture. Biological monitoring and industrial hygiene data were rarely available, most since the late 1970s. Exposure of workers depended mainly on the jobs they performed. A quantitative exposure classification is not feasible in this study. Semiquantitative exposure estimates may be derived through a critical interpretation of biological monitoring and industrial hygiene data together with individual work histories.
Descriptors (primary) herbicides; phenoxyacetic acids; dioxins; exposure; chlorophenols; manufacturing processes; crop protection
Descriptors (secondary) chlorine; sodium hydroxide; additives; IARC; questionnaire survey; emulsifiers; solvents; cancer; pesticides
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia; Austria; Canada; Germany; Denmark; Finland; United Kingdom; Italy; New Zealand; Sweden; USA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Phenols and phenolic compounds
Heterocyclic compounds