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Document ID (ISN)61278
CIS number 93-2004
ISBN(s) 91-7045-182-6
Year 1992
Convention or series no. Arbete och hälsa 1992:30
Author(s) Arvidson B.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Title NEG and NIOSH basis for an occupational health standard. Ethyl ether
Bibliographic information Arbetsmiljöinstitutet, Förlagstjänst, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1992. 41p. 181 ref.
Abstract Survey of the literature relevant to the discussion of occupational exposure limits for ethyl ether (synonym: diethyl ether). Ethyl ether has many uses in the chemical industry. It is used mainly as a solvent and as an extraction medium. It has been used as an inhalation anaesthetic for surgery but to a large extent has now been replaced. The acute and chronic toxicity of ethyl ether is low. The principal routes of exposure to ethyl ether in occupational situations are inhalation and skin contact. The critical effect of ethyl ether is irritation of the upper respiratory tract. Long-term exposure to low concentration of ethyl ether in air may affect the central nervous system, producing sleepiness, dizziness, irritability, headache and psychic disturbances. Ethyl ether is a mild skin irritant, especially after repeated exposure.
Descriptors (primary) irritants; USA; Nordic Countries; biological effects; organic solvents; determination of exposure limits; diethyl ether
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; Sweden; Norway; central nervous system; criteria document; Finland; Iceland; neurological effects; Denmark
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Ethers