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Document ID (ISN)61127
CIS number 93-1930
ISSN - Serial title 0002-8894 - American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Year 1992
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rando R.J., Menon P.K., Poovey H.G., Lehrer S.B.
Title Assessment of multiple markers of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in controlled, steady-state atmospheres in a dynamic test chamber
Bibliographic information Nov. 1992. Vol.53, No.11, p.699-704. Illus. 18 ref.
Abstract Controlled test atmospheres of sidestream and mixed mainstream/sidestream tobacco smoke were produced in a dynamic test chamber. For each target level of smoke, a "smoke index" was calculated as the number of cigarettes being smoked divided by the dilution flow rate. Ultraviolet light-absorbing particulate matter (UVPM); aerosol counts and size distribution; and concentrations of CO, NO2, NH3, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, and nicotine were determined in the test atmospheres and background dilution air. Parameters exhibiting the highest correlations with smoke index included UVPM, aerosol counts, formaldehyde, and acetaldehyde. The levels of acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, and CO were significantly higher in mixed mainstream/sidestream smoke than in sidestream atmospheres. The generation factors developed in this work can be used for estimating required ventilation rates for attainment of target air quality conditions in smoking rooms.
Descriptors (primary) passive smoking; air sampling; aerosols
Descriptors (secondary) formaldehyde; description of equipment; nitrogen dioxide; carbon monoxide; acrolein; ammonia; nicotine; test laboratories; description of technique; acetaldehyde
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Passive smoking