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Document ID (ISN)61099
CIS number 93-1866
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bruynzeel D.P., de Boer E.M., Brouwer E.J., de Wolff F.A., de Haan P.
Title Dermatitis in bulb growers
Bibliographic information July 1993, Vol.29, No.1, p.11-15. 26 ref.
Abstract A damaged skin forms a health hazard in flower-bulb growers as it enables higher permeation rates for pesticides than normal skin. An investigation was performed of the skin condition of 103 bulb growers and 49 controls. Contact dermatitis of the hands was of the same order (11 and 10%) in both groups. However, minor signs of dermatitis were seen more often in bulb growers (30% versus 8%, p<0.05). Most growers had contact with narcissus sap during the investigation. This irritant sap, as well as many other skin contacts with irritants such as hyacinth dust and pesticides, seemed to be responsible for many skin complaints. Contact sensitisation was suspected in 19 growers and 3 controls. Patch tests showed that contact sensitisation existed to pesticides in probably 10, and to flower-bulb extracts in 4 growers. Reactions to propachlor were not regarded as very reliable as the test concentration seemed to be marginally irritant. There were only a few allergic reactions to narcissus (3) and tulip (2) and none to hyacinth. This investigation showed that minor irritant contact dermatitis was frequent in bulb growers, and indicated that contact sensitisation to pesticides and bulbs seemed to be a less frequent but important cause of dermatitis.
Descriptors (primary) sensitization dermatitis; chlorpropham; flowers; tulips; exposure; eczema; flower and perfume-plant growing; horticulture; pesticides
Descriptors (secondary) skin allergies; skin tests; epidemiologic study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Skin diseases