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Document ID (ISN)60132
CIS number 93-863
ISSN - Serial title 0007-1072 - British Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Tsai S.P., Dowd C.M., Cowles S.R., Ross C.E.
Title Prospective morbidity surveillance of Shell refinery and petrochemical employees
Bibliographic information Mar. 1991, Vol.48, No.3, p.155-163. 12 ref.
Abstract Results are presented of a prospective morbidity study of 14,170 refinery and chemical workers from 1981 through 1988, based on an internal health surveillance system. Generally, rates and durations of absence were highest for older age groups, women, and production workers. Increased risk was associated with the presence of known disease risk factors. Overall, 48% of the employees had at least one illness/absence in excess of five days during the eight year period. 12% of the employees had four or more absences, which accounted for 54% of the total number of absences and 52% of the total work days lost. Among men, the five most common conditions accounted for 72% of all illness/absences. In descending order they were injuries (25%), respiratory illnesses (17%), musculoskeletal disorders (14%), digestive illnesses (9%), and heart disease (7%). Similar patterns were noted among women. These findings may be useful in setting priorities and directing efforts such as health education programmes and other strategies for the prevention of disease.
Descriptors (primary) morbidity; sickness absenteeism; frequency rates; petrochemical industry; future trends; petroleum refining
Descriptors (secondary) digestive system diseases; health impairment; long-term study; musculoskeletal diseases; injuries; respiratory diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Petroleum and natural gas industry
Petrochemical industry
Chemical industry