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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)59756
CIS number 93-483
ISSN - Serial title 0002-9262 - American Journal of Epidemiology
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hakim R.B., Stewart W.F., Canner J.K., Tielsch J.M.
Title Occupational lead exposure and strabismus in offspring - A case-control study
Bibliographic information 15 Feb. 1991, Vol.133, No.4, p.351-356. 34 ref.
Abstract A population-based case-control study investigated the association between strabismus and parental occupational lead exposure. Cases were children diagnosed with nonrestrictive strabismus between 1985 and 1986 (n=377). Controls were matched for age and hospital of birth (n=377). Jobs held by parents were assessed for lead exposure by industrial hygienists. The unadjusted odds ratio for maternal lead exposure and the esotropic form of strabismus was 2.6 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.4-27). Unadjusted odds ratios for paternal occupational lead exposure and esotropia were 1.0 (95% CI 0.5-2.1) for low exposure, 2.1 (95% CI 0.9-5.3) for moderate exposure, and 1.2 (95% CI 0.4-3.3) for high exposure. The study results suggest the possibility of a weak association between paternal lead exposure and strabismus in offspring.
Descriptors (primary) children; lead; oculomotor dysfunction; exposure; sense organ diseases; expectant mothers; strabismus
Descriptors (secondary) Maryland; USA
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the eye and vision damage
Lead and compounds
Inorganic substances