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Document ID (ISN)59679
CIS number 93-579
ISSN - Serial title 0731-3810 - Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology
Year 1992
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kulling P., Andersson H., Bostr÷m K., Johansson L.A., Lindstr÷m B., Nystr÷m B.
Title Fatal systemic poisoning after skin exposure to monochloroacetic acid
Bibliographic information 1992, Vol.30, No.4, p.643-652. 27 ref.
Abstract Monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is used in the production of carboxymethyl cellulose, phenoxyacetates, pigments and drugs. A person unloading 80% MCA solution from his truck at a plant was splashed. He was wearing no protective clothing. Although his clothes were removed within minutes and he showered for 20min, he suffered chemical burns over 25-30% of his body. Two hours after the accident, his blood pressure fell. He subsequently lost consciousness and stopped breathing. The plasma MCA concentration 4h after the accident was 33mg/mL. In spite of increasingly vigorous life-support measures, the victim died seven days after the day of the accident. Many organ systems showed abnormalities at autopsy. Besides the corrosiveness of MCA, its poisonous properties must be kept in mind.
Descriptors (primary) poisoning; transport industry; monochloroacetic acid
Descriptors (secondary) chemical burns; case study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Transport industry (in general)