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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)59432
CIS number 93-160
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1992
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Andjelkovich D.A., Mathew R.M., Yu R.C., Richardson R.B., Levine R.J.
Title Mortality of iron foundry workers: II. Analysis by work area
Bibliographic information Apr. 1992, Vol.34, No.4, p.391-401. Illus. 39 ref.
Abstract Plantwide analyses of the mortality experience of 8,147 foundrymen revealed excesses for several diseases including lung cancer. Using indirect measures of smoking, it appeared that most, if not all, of the excess of lung cancer deaths could be explained by smoking habits. To explore further the possible association between these mortality excesses and foundry exposures, jobs were grouped into six work areas on the basis of similarities in production processes. No evidence was found of a relationship between lung cancer and foundry exposures. The pattern of mortality from emphysema and cerebrovascular disease in the different work areas paralleled that of lung cancer, suggesting that mortality from these diseases may have been influenced by a common aetiologic agent, probably tobacco smoke. The data also reveal possible associations between metal pattern-making and colon cancer, silica or metal dust and stomach cancer, and carbon monoxide and ischaemic heart disease. For Part I of this study, see CIS 93-159.
Descriptors (primary) smoking; mortality; neoplasms; iron and steel industry; foundries
Descriptors (secondary) rectal cancer; coronary diseases; circulatory disorders of the brain; gastrointestinal cancer; free silica; emphysema; lung cancer; carbon monoxide
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Smoking
Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Iron and steel industry