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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)59388
CIS number 93-128
ISSN - Serial title 0300-5771 - International Journal of Epidemiology
Year 1992
Convention or series no.
Author(s) J÷ckel K.H., Ahrens W., Wichmann H.E., Becher H., Bolm-Audorff U., Jahn I., Molik B., Greiser E., Timm J.
Title Occupational and environmental hazards associated with lung cancer
Bibliographic information Apr. 1992, Vol.21, No.2, p.202-213. 42 ref.
Abstract In a hospital-based case control study in Germany, 194 lung cancer cases, 194 hospital controls, and 194 population controls were interviewed for smoking, occupational, and residential history. Case ascertainment took place in seven different hospitals. Lung cancer risk strongly increases with cumulative cigarette dose. For occupational risk, significantly increased risks were observed in the metal industry, particularly in smelter and foundry workers (odds ratio (OR) 4.8, 95% confidence limits (CL): 1.15, 20.16) and in turners, grinders, drillers, and cutters (OR 2.2, 95% CL: 1.05, 4.75). In the construction industry the risks were particularly high in road construction workers (OR 3.7, 95% CL: 1.06, 13.20) and in unskilled construction workers (OR 2.7, 95% CL: 1.24, 5.76). The risks in these occupational groups increased with duration and with latency. Quantification of air pollution was also done, on a district basis by time period.
Descriptors (primary) smoking; environmental pollution; lung cancer; occupation disease relation
Descriptors (secondary) Germany (Federal Republic of); epidemiologic study; construction industry; foundries; sulfur dioxide; smelting plants; atmospheric pollution
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Environmental pollution
Smoking