ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)59352
CIS number 93-116
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Moisan T.C.
Title Prolonged asthma after smoke inhalation - A report of three cases and a review of previous reports
Bibliographic information Apr. 1991, Vol.33, No.4, p.458-461. 42 ref.
Abstract The development of prolonged obstructive airways disease after smoke inhalation is of concern to fire victims and fire-fighters. Three cases of asthma that developed following the inhalation of pyrolysis products are presented along with a review of previous reports of airway injury from smoke inhalation. Polyvinyl chloride pyrolysis products seem to pose a high risk, but other toxic inhalants are also implicated. There is substantial evidence that prolonged airway hyper-responsiveness and asthma may follow numerous inflammatory insults including smoke inhalation. Studies to identify specific individual risk factors and asthmagenic pyrolysis products are needed. Early, post-exposure anti-inflammatory treatment may modify the outcome.
Descriptors (primary) fire; fire hazards; functional respiratory disorders; smoke; asthma; toxic asthma; bronchial diseases
Descriptors (secondary) case study; polyvinyl chloride; dyspnoea; respiratory impairment; bronchiolitis; pyrolysis products; bronchiectasis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Fires
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)