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Document ID (ISN)58657
CIS number 92-1538
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1992
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kristensen O.
Title A prospective study of the development of hand eczema in an automobile manufacturing industry
Bibliographic information May 1992, Vol.26, No.5, p.341-345. 16 ref.
Abstract To try do define individual predictive risk factors for the development of hand eczema and to determine the prevalence of hand eczema within 1 year in an automobile manufacturing industry, 1564 new employees were investigated during one year of employment. The employees were personally interviewed and examined before their employment. Written questionnaires were used at 3 and 12 months to obtain information on type of work, exposure, protection and hand dermatitis. All patients developing hand eczema were examined, patch tested and followed to determine the course and consequence of their eczema. The risk turned out to be only 4% on average, but significantly higher in females (6%). Certain sections within the factory such as wet work and work in the paint shop with high exposure to organic solvents carried significantly higher risks. Individual risk factors for the development of hand eczema were previous hand eczema, atopic dermatitis, but also wool intolerance and hay fever as isolated phenomena. Most cases of hand eczema were mild, of the irritant contact type and only one employee developed an allergic contact dermatitis due to the working environment. This study is the first large-scale prospective investigation of occupational hand eczema in employees in the automobile manufacturing industry.
Descriptors (primary) sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; risk factors; motor vehicle industry; eczema
Descriptors (secondary) Sweden; organic solvents; questionnaire survey; medical examinations; skin tests; women; epidemiologic study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry